Know Everything About Toenail Trauma: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

Know Everything About Toenail Trauma

Do you have any idea what toenail trauma is and how dangerous it is? Have you any idea that how much it affects your daily life? Well, if you don’t have any such ideas then don’t worry just follow this blog and get all your questions answered.

Here, in this blog, you will get to know everything about toenail trauma. Know its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, prevention and more. So, let’s start from toenail trauma and later on you will know about causes, symptoms and more.


About Toenail Trauma

A toenail can be injured by a blow to the toenail or even by closing the toe in a door. Such kind of trauma generally results in blood under the toenail and such condition is said to be a subungal hematoma. Sometimes, you may also face split toenail issues or torn toenail issue or even a splinter can get under the toenail.

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Trauma to toenails on a regular basis, caused by ill-fitting shoes, this can also lead to deformities in the toenails. A toenail fungus infection can be resembled by the deformities. Sometimes you may also come across thickened toenails or even toenail discoloration. These can lift away from the toenail bed which can cause cosmetic concerns.

subungal hematoma

Some people have habits like toenail biting and cuticle biting can cause trauma to the toenail. Toenail biting is a major cause of acute paronychia toenail. This is also a kind of infection in which bacteria get underneath the tissue at the corner of the toenail and further it causes irritation and swelling in the toes. Picking at your toenails on a regular basis can produce a line of horizontal hatch marks in the middle of the toenail. In most of the cases, the toenails can split.

After knowing about toenail trauma, now it’s time to learn something about causes of black toenail trauma. So, read the below paragraph to know what causes toenail trauma.

What Causes Nail Injuries?

Causes Nail Injuries

Toenail trauma is also generally known as toenail injuries. Trauma is somehow same as injuries and so both the words can be used for a single purpose. But, most of the trauma or injuries to the toenails arise from these three mechanisms. To know what are the mechanisms, read are the below points: is also generally known as toenail injuries. Trauma is somehow same as injuries and so both the words can be used for a single purpose. But, most of the trauma or injuries to the toenails arise from these three mechanisms. To know what are the mechanisms, read are the below points:

  • Cutting or slicing, such as box cutters, knives or machinery
  • Crushing forces like doors slamming on fingers, hammers or even a rat bites
  • Ripping or tearing such as stubbing a toe or catching a toenail on an object

These are the most common mechanisms that are responsible for toenail trauma. So, try to avoid these conditions so that you can avoid trauma to the toenail to happen as well. Now it’s time to have a look at the common symptoms or signs that show that you have a toenail trauma.

Also Read: Causes of Black Toenail Fungus and How to Get Rid of It

Symptoms of Toenail Trauma

A subungal hematoma can range from a small spot under the toenail to a large area of the toenail discoloration. The toenail may come loose and it mainly depends on the amount of blood beneath the toenail. But often the toenail stay intact and the blood fades as the toenail grows out. If the subungal hematoma is large and causes pain, then medical treatment will be required to relieve pressure under the toenail.

After knowing the symptoms of the toenail injury or black toenail trauma, you can now know how you can diagnose this toenail issue.

toenail trauma

Image of Toenail Trauma 

How To Diagnose Toenail Trauma?

Toenail trauma can be diagnosed by a doctor after he/she make a detailed examination of the foot and the injured toenail. After this only, he/she will decide the extent of treatment and repair necessary with the help of below procedures:

  • A doctor will wish to know exactly how the injury occurred to determine the possible injuries and if the wound is contaminated
  • You will be asked about any other medical issues, allergies, medications and the date of your most recent tetanus shot
  • A doctor will check your blood pressure and pulse will be checked
  • In this case, a blood test may be or may be not required, depending on the situation
  • Most probably, an x-ray of the foot will be taken

Look Here: 9 Most Common Toenail Problems And Their Effective Treatments

When To Seek Treatment For Toenail Trauma


Well, you may consult your doctor for the nail trauma treatment if any of these six conditions apply in your case:

  • If your toenail trauma leads to severe swelling, redness or pain in the toes
  • When you see that there is a blunt trauma to the toenail. As for example, if a heavy object has been dropped on the toe, then it is best to seek treatment to rule out a fracture and treat any wound beneath the toenail bed
  • If you see that there is any discharge from under the toenail
  • When you notice toenail discoloration appears as a linear streak, or a stripe going with the length of the toenail
  • If you have neuropathy or any other related condition that affects healing or circulation such as peripheral arterial disease or diabetes

What Changes Caused After Toenail Trauma?

Toenail Trauma Causes These Changes To The Toenail

Trauma to the toenail does not always lead to bleeding beneath the toenail. There are some other changes occur due to chronic rubbing against the shoe or in response to irritation from a toenail fungus or any bacterial infection. Some other changes caused by toenail trauma are as follows:

  • Thickened Toenail: Thickened toenail is caused by damage to the toenail’s growth center, generally known as the toenail matrix.
  • Toenail Avulsion: Most of the time it happens that the entire toenail or a portion of it becomes loose or falls off. This is a temporary condition and the toenail will regrow over a couple of months.
  • Toenail Dystrophy: Sometimes, you may see permanent toenail changed like splitting of toenails or decrease in the toenail’s size.
  • Permanent Toenail Loss: Toenail trauma can happen due to damage to the toenail matrix. This toenail may not regrow.

After knowing all these, you can now look at the below home remedies to get rid of nail trauma treatment or toenail injuries.

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Home Remedies To Treat Toenail Trauma

Home Remedies To Treat Toenail Trauma

Here are some natural home remedies available that can help you in toenail trauma treatment. So, if you interested to know the remedies to know how to treat toenail trauma, you can read the below.

REMEDY 1# First Aid

First Aid for toenail injury

  • At first, you have to remove all jewelry from the affected foot.
  • If there is any bleeding then make it stop by applying pressure with a clean cloth. When the bleeding has stopped and remove the cloth and examine the injury.
  • Try to keep the foot elevated above the level of the heart. It will help with the throbbing.
  • Home care may also be appropriate if there is only a subungal hematoma that you don’t want to be drained. It occupies less than 25% of the total toenail if the toe is not deformed or bent.
  • You can use ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) for pain if you are allergic to these medications.
  • Now you need to wash scrapes or cuts in water and soap and then apply a bandage.
  • Never pull at the toenail or don’t try to remove it from the toenail bed. Also, wrap any amputated parts in moist clean paper towel, place in a zip-locked plastic bag and then place the bag in ice.
  • Also, you can wrap hand or foot in a clean towel.

REMEDY 2#Vanilla Extract

Vanilla Extract to cure nail toenail fungus

You Will Need

Concentrated vanilla extract

What You Have To Do

  1. Pour 1-2 drops of vanilla extract to nail trauma area.
  2. Give a gentle massage for 1 minute and leave it overnight.

When You Need To Do This

Do this 2-3 times a day.

How This Works:

Applying vanilla extract on bruised toenail area will help your toenail from turning blue to black.  As, the anti-oxidants present in vanilla extract helps a lot in promoting regeneration of cells and faster healing of toenail injury. This natural ingredient has anti-inflammatory property.

REMEDY 3# Cabbage Leaves

cabbage leaves to treat toenail injury pain

You Will Need

  • Cabbage leaves
  • Hot water

What You Have To Do

  1. Remove the outer cover of the cabbage and put them in hot water for few minutes.
  2. Now take out the leaf from that hot water and when it is slightly warm, put it over toenail bruise area for 45 min- 1hour.
  3. You can also wrap it using a bandage.

When You Need To Do This

Try this every day with a new cabbage leaf and at least 2-3 times a day.

How This Works

Cabbage is very effective in getting rid of toenail bruises. Putting it in some hot water releases natural juices of leaves. The anti-inflammatory property of berteroin present in cabbage works great to reduce swelling and healing bruises quickly.

REMEDY 4#Garden Thyme

Garden Thyme to cure toenail trauma

You Will Need

  • 15-20 fresh thyme leaves
  • Water

What You Have To Do

  1. Take some thyme leaves in water for 10 minutes. After then strain off the water and let it gets slightly cool down.
  2. Now add this water in your bath tub and soak it for 20-30 min.

When You Need To Do This

Repeat this soaking process of your foot at least 2 times a day.

How This Works

Thyme effectively works in removing off the toenail bruises. This remedy is best for foot bath soak. As it is the best way for the herb to reach the bruises in difficult to reach places.

REMEDY 5#Olive Oil And Mullein Flowers

Olive Oil And Mullein Flowers to treat toenail trauma

You Will Need

  • A few mullein flowers
  • One cup virgin olive oil

What You Have To Do

  1. Boil some of the Mullein flowers in olive oil for 5 minutes.
  2. After then strain off the oil once it has been cooled down.
  3. Apply this strained oil in the affected nail trauma area for few minutes.
  4. Leave it there for whole night.

When You Need To Do This

Repeat this every few hours.

How This Works:

Mullein is medicinal plant that act as emollient, astringent and contains Antibacterial properties.  It is used to reduce inflammation caused by wounds and toenail bruises. Apart from this mixing of olive oil and mullein flowers together raises the emollient activity and gives nourishment for skin cells.


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Toenail trauma is the most irritating issue happens to your toes. Here, in the above post, you can know everything about toenail trauma, its causes, symptoms, treatments and more. With the help of some natural treatment, you can know how to treat toenail trauma easily. But, all you can do to avoid trauma to the toenail is to follow some prevention tips. If you have any suggestion then you can write in the below comment section.


Know Everything About Toenail Trauma: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments
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Know Everything About Toenail Trauma: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments
Get complete information on toenail trauma caused due to injury in the toenail bed. Easily overcome issues caused after toenail injury like torn or detached nail & Subungual Hematoma.
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Cure Toenail Fungus
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