Paronychia Toenail: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis And More

Paronychia Toenail

Toe becomes the most visible part of your body if you wear open type sandals. But due to some reasons, your toenail becomes infected and cause the disease called paronychia toenail. Do you have paronychia toenail and want to get rid of it? Do you want to get complete information about paronychia toenail? If yes, then this blog is very helpful for you. You can read the below sections of this blog and know everything about paronychia toenail. Let us first know what is paronychia toenail before knows its symptoms, causes, treatments and more.


What Is Paronychia?

Paronychia is a kind of toenail infection that usually affects the skin at the base or up the sides of the toenail. This kind of toenail disease or infection causes due to bacteria or a type of yeast called Candida. In an infection, yeast and bacteria can both combine and cause the infection. Paronychia may come on slowly and fast for weeks or it even shows up suddenly and may last for one or two days only. This is may take place depending on the cause of the infection.

Generally, there are two types of paronychia. Let us read the below section of this blog to know more about types of the paronychia toenail.

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Types of Paronychia

  • Acute Paronychia: This type of paronychia generally appears as a sudden and it is a very painful area of swelling, redness and warmth around the toenail usually after the injury to the area. An acute paronychia is caused by an infection with bacteria that used to invade the skin where it was injured. The toenail’s injury can be caused by overaggressive manicuring. Acute paronychia can also result from biting the corners of the toenails or even the skin around the toenails that picks at the skin near the toenails or suck on the toes.
  • Chronic Paronychia: Chronic paronychia is a toenail infection that develops quite slowly and causes gradual tenderness, redness and swelling of the skin around the toenails. This type of paronychia generally caused by Candida or other species of yeast or fungus. Also, this affects several toe fingers on the same feet. Those who are more likely to get toenail fungus, it includes those with diabetes or workers whose jobs constantly expose their foots to chemical solvents or water.

After knowing the types of the paronychia toenail, now it’s time to learn about the common symptoms or causes of the paronychia toenails.

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Symptoms Of Paronychia

Paronychia starts with swelling, pain and redness around the base or the edges of the toenails. Acute paronychia can cause pus-filled pockets in order to form at the side or base of the toenails.

Chronic paronychia may cause the cuticle to break down. This type of paronychia may eventually cause the toenail to separate from the skin. You may get thickened toenails, deformed and hard toenails.

Paronychia toenail caused by bacteria can get worse quickly. Fungus-caused paronychia typically gets worse much more gradually.

Now, let us first have a look at the common causes of paronychia toenail.

What Causes Paronychia?


When it comes to the causes of paronychia then there are several causes of paronychia. Pulling hangnails, picking at nails or sucking on fingers can increase the risk of getting toenail infection. One of the most major causes of paronychia is the ingrown toenail fungus.

Chronic paronychia can also take place when toenails are exposed to water or harsh chemicals for a long time.  Moisture in the toenails allows some gems such as bacteria or candida to grow. People whose hands may be wet for long periods of time are at a higher risk for chronic paronychia. These infections may include bartenders, food handles or housecleaners.

Chronic paronychia may generally be caused due to irritant dermatitis, a common condition that makes the skin itchy and red. Once the skin of the toenail is irritated, germs can take hold and cause toenail infection.

Paronychia toenail is much more common in adult women and in people who have diabetes. Those who have weak immune systems like people who must take medicine after having an organ transplant or people who are infected with HIV are also at higher risk of getting paronychia.

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How To Diagnose Paronychia Toenail? 

diagnose paronychiaIf you have a mild acute paronychia then you usually can make the diagnosis yourself. Look for throbbing pain, redness and swelling in an area of damaged toenail bed around the toenail.

If you are diabetic then you may have several affected toes or fingers or you may have severe symptoms then you must be evaluated by a doctor.

In some of the cases, your doctor can make the diagnosis by examining the affected area. If there is an accumulation of pus then the doctor may take a sample of the pus to test in the laboratory for fungi and bacteria.

What Are the Complications of the Paronychia Toenail?

Some of the complications can be noticed when you have paronychia toenail issue. If you are a diabetic patient then there is a risk that paronychia could spread to deeper tissues and bones. Or it may also spread into the bloodstream and some other parts of the body. In some cases of deep toenail infection, paronychia toenail may also result in the loss of fingers, limbs and toes.

You should consult your doctor soon if:

  • You have fever or chills
  • Treatment does not help your symptoms
  • You have just joint or muscle pain
  • Red streaks appear on your skin

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How To Treat Paronychia Toenail

When you have paronychia and want a better paronychia treatment, you can use warm water. Actually, warm water is very helpful in reducing swelling and pain if you try 3 to 4 times a day. Your doctor may also subscribe antibiotics if your paronychia is caused due to the bacteria. He/she may prescribe some antifungal medicines if your infection is caused by a fungus.

If you have a pus-filled abscess pocket then your doctor may need to drain it soon. For this, your doctor will numb the toenail area and separate the skin from the base of the toenail and drain the pus.

If you have chronic paronychia then it becomes quite important to keep the toenails dry and protect them from harsh chemicals. You may also be required to wear socks or use a skin-drying cream so that you can protect them from harsh chemicals. You may also need an antifungal medicine or antibiotic depends on what is causing the toenail infection. Also, you may need to apply a steroid cream or a solution made of ethanol and thymol in order to keep your toenails dry and clean.

How To Prevent Paronychia?

In order to prevent paronychia, you may try these following tips:

  • You may avoid biting your toenails and picking at the skin around the toenails
  • Tyr to keep your feet and hands clean and dry all the time
  • Wear socks with absorbent cotton lining if your hands are exposed routinely to harsh chemicals or water
  • Try to be very gentle when your pedicure your toenails. Always avoid cutting your toenail cuticles or pushing them back
  • If you are a diabetic patient then keep your blood sugar levels within a normal range by following the diet and take your medications.

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After reading the above complete sections of this blog, you may have noticed what is paronychia toenail, its symptoms, causes, treatments and more? However, if you try the treatments mentioned here, you will be soon able to recover from this situation. However, if you can also consult your doctor and cure toenail fungus first so that it cannot lead you to face paronychia.

If you have any suggestions or want to ask something then you can write in the below comment section of this blog.


Paronychia Toenail: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis And More
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Paronychia Toenail: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis And More
If you notice that you have paronychia toenail then don’t worry just read this blog and get the best paronychia treatment.
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Cure Toenai Fungus
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